Koronavirusi: Indwara nshya ya COVID-19 mu Rwanda

Guhera kuwa mbere tariki 4 Gicurasi, u Rwanda rworoheje ingamba  zimwe za guma mu rugo, ariko Minisiteri y'Ubuzima aragumya gukangurira abaturage gukomeza gukurikiza amabwiriza atangwa n'inzego z'ubuzima by'umwihariko gukaraba intoki buri gihe, kwambara agapfukamunwa ighe uvuye mu rugo, gukomeza gusiga intera (nibura  ingana na m1)  hagati y'umuntu n'undi, kugabanya ingendo zijya hanze yo mu rugo, hamwe no kumenyekanisha ibimenyetso uhamagaye ku murongo utishyurwa 114. Kuyandi makuru soma hasi.

NA CROIX ROUGE Y'U RWANDA   l                                                      BIVUGURURWA BURI MUNSI

 

Abamaze kwandura

Abitabye Imana

Abamaze gukira

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Uko ubwandu bwagiye bugaragara ku matariki

Andi makuru yifashishijwe: WHO, IFRC and MOH and local media reports. 

Ibyo Minisiteri y'ubuzima iherutse gutangaza

 
 

Kwambara ugapfukamunwa
kameswa gakozwe mu mwenda

Buri muturarwanda wese agomba kwambara agapfukamunwa igihe ari ahantu hahurira abantu benshi. Turagusaba gukurikiza ababwiriza yuko kambarwa mu buryo buboneye. Kwambara agapfukamunwa ntibigukuriraho gukurikiza amabwiriza zashyizweho yo kwirinda arimo gusiga intera ingana na (m 1,5 ) hagati yawe n'undi muntu cyangwa gukaraba intoki kenshi buri munsi.

 
 

COVID-19 ni iki?

Koronavirusi nshya n'indwara iyishamikiyeho ya (COVID-19) iterwa n'utunyabuzima tutaboneshwa ijisho twa koronavirusi twagaragaye bwa mbere mu gace ka Wuhan, mu Bushinwa mu Kuboza 2019.

Koronovirusi ni umuryango munini wa za vurusi ziboneka mu nyamaswa no mu bantu. Zimwe zanduza abantu kandi zizwiho gutera indwara uhereye ku bicurane kugeza ku ndwara zikomeye nk'Indwara yazahazaga imyanya y'ubuhumekero yagaragaye muri Aziya y'iburengerazuba (MERS) n' Indwara izahaza imyanya y'ubuhumekero ( SARS).

Haracyari ibintu byinshi bitaramenyekana kuri iyi virusi, ariko hari ingamba nyinshi twafata mu kwirinda ikwirakwizwa ry'iyi virusi.

Igihe cyo kwandura no kugaragaza ibimenyetso

Guhura na virusi

Igihe cyo kwandura no kugaragaza ibimenyetso bya COVID-19 gikunze kugereranywa guhera ku munsi 1-14

bikunda kugaragara mu minsi itanu

UMUNSI WA 1

UMUNSI WA 14

 
 

Uko yandura

Umuntu utarwaye ashobora kwandura iyi vurusi igihe yegeranye cyane n'umuntu wayanduye.

" Kwegerana cyane" bivuga gukora k'uyirwaye, gukora ku bikoresho byakozweho n'uyirwaye cyangwa ibikoresho yakorororeyeho/yitsamuriyeho, cyangwa kugumana n'umuntu umwanya munini mwegeranye mu ntera iri munsi ya metero 1,5 igihe arwaye.

Iyi virusi ikwirakwizwa no kugira aho uhurira " n'amatembabuzi" y'amacandwe. Ayo matembabuzi ava mu mazuru cyangwa mu kanwa. Urugero:

  • Igihe umuntu wanduye akoroye cyangwa yitsamuye, ayo matembabuzi ashobora kwinjira mu maso, mu mazuru cyangwa mu kanwa k'undi muntu.
     

  • Iyo umuntu wanduye yitsamuriye cyangwa akororeye mu biganza agakora ku muntu cyangwa agakora ahantu
     

  • Igihe umuntu akoze ahantu cyangwa ku bintu byandujwe n'utwo dutonyanga tw'amatembabuzi
     

  • Birashoboka kandi ko iyi virusi ishobora kwandurwa biciye mu gukora mu mazirantoki y'umuntu wanduye COVID-19, ariko ibi ntibikunze kugaragara.

 

Ibimenyetso

Ubusanzwe ibimenyetso bya COVID-19 bitangira hagati y'iminsi 2-14 umuntu ahuye nayo, bikunze kuba iminsi hafi 5. Ku bantu benshi koronavirusi ijya gusa n'ibicurane ( kuzana ibimyira byinshi, umuriro, kubabara mu muhogo, gukorora no guhumeka nabi).
 


Ishobora gukomera ku bantu bamwe kandi ishobora gutera kurwara umusonga cyangwa ibibazo byo guhumeka nabi.

 

Igihe indwara ikomeye cyane, bishobora gutera kudakora neza kw'ibice bimwe by'umubiri bikaba byatera no kubura ubuzima.

Iyi ndwara ishobora kuganisha ku rupfu ariko bibaho gake.

 

Uburyo bwo kuyirinda

Uburyo bwo kuyirinda - Ministry of Health Rwanda
  1. Gukaraba intoki inshuro nyinshi ukoresheje amazi meza n'isabune. Igihe isabune itabonetse ushobora gukoresha arukoro yifashishwa mu kwica mikorobe zo mu biganza.
     

  2. Igihe ukorora cyangwa witsamura, ipfuke umunwa cyangwa amazuru ukoresheje agatambaro cyangwa ukingeho inkokora. Gerageza kutitsamurira cyangwa gukororera mu biganza kuko ushobora gukwirakwiza virusi ukoresheje ibiganza byawe. Jugunya agatambaro wakoresheje ahabugenewe. Igihe ukororeye/witsamuriye mu biganza ntugire ikintu na kimwe ukoraho kandi uhite ukaraba intoki ukoresheje amazi meza n'isabune.
     

  3. Irinde kwegerana cyane n'umuntu uwo ariwo wese ukorora, w'itsamura, cyangwa se urwaye. Nibura usigemo intera ingana na metero 1 hatagati yanyu, kandi ubashishikarize kugana ikigo nderabuzima kibegereye.
     

  4. Irinde gukora mu maso, mu mazuru no mu kanwa. Intoki zikora ahantu henshi hashobora kuba hari virusi. Nukora mu maso, mu mazuru cyangwa mu kanwa ukoresheje intoki zawe zanduye virusi, ushobora gukura virusi ahantu wakoze ukiyanduza ubwawe.
     

  5. Gana muganga niba wumva ufite umuriro, ukorora cyangwa wumva ufite ibabazo byo guhumeka nabi. Ubu ni uburyo bwiza bwo kwiyitaho no kwirinda gukwirakwiza virusi mu bagize umuryango wawe no mu bandi. Wibuke guhamagara 114 ngo umumenyeshe ibimenyetso ugaragaza kugira ngo wirinde kwanduza abandi.
     

  6. Guma mu rugo igihe urwaye.
     

  7. Sukura kandi wice mikorobe ziri ku bikoresho cyangwa ahantu wakoze ukoresheje umuti wa kororine cyangwa arukoro. Ntibiramenyekana neza igihe virusi imara ari nzima ku bintu cyangwa ahantu, ariko imiti irimo arukoro iri ku kigero cya 70% yakwica iyi virusi.

 

Uko ivurwa

Kugeza ubu nta rukingo cyangwa umuti wihariye wo kuvura virusi itera COVID-19.

Kuvura ibimenyetso bya COVID-19 bifasha umurwayi koroherwa.

Gana muganga niba wumva ufite umuriro, ukorora cyangwa wumva ufite ibabazo byo guhumeka nabi. Ubu ni uburyo bwiza bwo kwiyitaho no kwirinda gukwirakwiza virusi mu bagize umuryango wawe no mu bandi. Wibuke guhamagara 114 ngo umumenyeshe ibimenyetso ugaragaza kugirango wirinde kwanduza abandi.

 

Guhangana n'umuhangayiko

Ni gute nahangana n'umuhangayiko uterwa n'ikibazo cy'ubuzima rusange kandi nkagumana ibitekerezo bizima.
 

Mu gihe cy'iyaduka riheruka ry'indwara y'umusonga ufite aho uhurira na koronovirusi ( COVID-19), benshi muri twe twumvaga duhangayitse, cyane ko twagezweho n'icyorezo cya SARS mu mwaka wa 2003 tukaba tutifuza kongera kugerwaho n'ubwo bubabare n'ubwobwa bwatejwe n'icyo cyorezo.

 

Birumvikana ko abaturage bashobora kugira ubwoba cyangwa guhangayika igihe bahanganye n'ibiteza impagarara; bashobora kudufasha guhangana n'icyo kibazo by'igihe gito. Nyamara, igihe ubwoba n'umuhangayiko bihindutse indwara y'igihe kirekire cyangwa bikarushaho gukomera, ntacyo byafasha abantu, ahubwo bibagabanyiriza ubushobozi bwo kwihanganira no guhangana n'icyorezo.

 

N'ubwo bimeze bityo, dushobora kugira ibindi bibazo bisanzwe bikurikira ibihe bikomeye nko kutagira ibyishimo, indwara yo kubura ibitotsi, uburakari n'ibindi. Ni ingenzi rero kuri twe, kugumana ibyiyumvo bituma ubwonko n'umubiri bihorana ubuzima bwiza.

 

Dore inama tugirwa muri ibi bihe hano hasi:

Icyo wakora:

  • Gusuzumana ubushishozi amakuru ukuye ahantu hatandukanye uyagereranya navuye ahantu hizewe;
     

  • Ihugure uhugure n'abandi ku makuru yizewe y'uburyo bwo gukaraba intoki no gukora isuku, amavuriro n'ibitaro wakwitabaza igihe ukeneye ubufasha, hamwe n'ahantu wagura ibikoresho by'isuku;
     

  • Komeza imirimo yawe ya buri munsi uko bishoboka kose: ushobora gukomeza kwitabira ibikorwa bigamije kuruhura mu mutwe cyangwa indi mirimo ifite icyo ivuze n’ubwo yaba mu rugo, nko kuganira no kumarana umwanya n’abagize umuryango ndetse n’inyamaswa zibana n’abantu, gusoma ibitabo, guteka, no gukora imyitozo yo kuruhura umubiri;
     

  • Fata umwanya wo kwiyigaho ubwawe, ibyiyumvo by’ubwoba bisanzwe no kumva watereranywe;
     

  • Uhamagare inshuti n'abavandimwe ubereke ko ukibazirikana.


 

Ibyo utagomba gukora:

  • Gusangiza abandi amakuru ashobora gutera ubwoba n'urujijo igihe atayagenzuye neza ngo uyageranye navuye ahantu hizewe;
     

  • Gupfa gukurikiza ibikorwa n’inama ugirwa utabanje gusuzuma ukuri kwabyo, kandi nabyo bishobora kuganisha ku rundi rujijo n’imyitwarire itagira icyo ifashije cyangwa idashyira mu gaciro nko kugura ibirirwa birenze urugero cyangwa imiti no gufata abantu barwaye nk’abafite icyasha;
     

  • Kumara umwanya ukabije ushaka amakuru, gusoma amakuru cyane bishobora kongera ubwoba n'umuhangayiko kurusha uwo wari usanganywe;
     

  • Kugumana ibitekereze n'ibyiyumviro ufite ntusangize umpungenge zawe abo ukunda.

Ni iki Croix Rouge y'u Rwanda iri gukora?

Dufatanyije n'abafatanyabikorwa bacu (Croix Rouge y'Ububiligi, Croix Rouge mpuzamahanga, Croix Rouge y'Ubuyapani, Croix Rouge ya Esipanye hamwe na Guverinoma y'u Rwanda) ibikorwa byacu bijyane na COVID-19 mu gihugu ku baturage babanyarwanda ni ibi bikurikira:

Kumenyekanisha no gutanga ubutumwa biciye kuri radiyo, mu biganiro bica kuri televiziyo no kuri radiyo hamwe no kumbuga nkoranyambaga

Gutanga amazi hamwe n'ibikorwarwa by'isuku n'isukura

Gutanga ibiribwa ku miryango ifite ubuzima bugoye nibura ibihumbi 8875 mu turere 14

Dukurikire ku mbuga nkoranyambaga zacu ku makuru agezweho ako kanya

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Igerere ku makuru yizewe

Dawunilodinga porogaramu yacu ku buntu. Maze ujye wakira amakuru mashya kuri koronavirusi.

 

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